Colon & Rectum


Each year, In India thousands of surgery are performed to treat number of colon diseases. Laparoscopic colon surgery has been very successful and is widely accepted in the medical community as a better alternative to open surgery. Patients undergoing colon surgery using traditional open surgery often requires a long and difficult recovery. In most cases surgeons are required to make a long incision and surgery often results in average hospital stay of at least a week and more than six weeks of recovery. Whereas with laparoscopic surgery small incision are made and so there is significantly less pain after the surgery from the wound. It also means patients need to stay much shorter time in hospital and can return to normal activities in a few weeks.

What is Colon?

The colon is the first 4 to 5 feet of large intestine; it is the lower part of your digestive tract. The intestine is a long, tubular organ consisting of the small intestine, the colon (large intestine) and the rectum, which is the last part of the colon. Partly digested food enters the colon from the small intestine. The colon removes water and nutrients from the food and turns the rest into waste (stool). The waste passes from the colon into the rectum and then out of the body through the anus.

What is Laparoscopic Colon Resection?

In laparoscopic colon resections, laparoscopic surgeon operate through four or five small incisions each about a quarter inch, while watching an enlarged image of the patient’s internal organs on a television screen. In some cases, one of the small openings may be lengthened to 2 or 3 inches to to allow a bowel specimen (sample) to be removed and the procedure to be finished. Depending on the type of surgical procedure, patients may leave the hospital in a few days and return to normal activities more quickly than patients recovering from open surgery.

Complications in Laparoscopic colon surgery

Any intestinal surgery is associated with some risks such as complications related anesthesia and bleeding or infectious complications. The two most common wound complications are infection and incisional hernia formation. Virtually both can be prevented with proper surgical technique and with the use of muscle splitting incisions. The risk of any operation is determined in part by the nature of the specific operation. Patient’s general heath and other medical conditions are also factors that affect the risk of any operation. You should discuss with your laparoscopic surgeon your individual risk for any operation.

What is a colon and rectal surgeon?

Colon and rectal surgeons are experts in the surgical and non-surgical treatment of diseases of the colon, rectum and anus. These surgeons have completed advanced surgical training in treatment of colon and rectal diseases as well as full general surgical training. They are well-versed in the treatment of both benign and malignant diseases of the colon, rectum and anus and are able to perform routine screening examinations and surgically treat conditions if indicated to do so. You can find some best laparoscopic surgeon in Mumbai.


A laparoscopic approach for both benign and malignant colon disease is safe, feasible, and also effective. Although thorough understanding of anatomy and laparoscopic principles of surgery is mandatory, on cological principles must always be respected. There are many benefits of laparoscopic surgery and there is certainly a promising future for laparoscopic colorectal surgery in India, which will be enhanced by the development of new techniques to improve outcomes for the benefit of the patient. As surgery advances, patients will demand newer and less-invasive procedures.